An ileostomy is a surgical procedure where a small opening is made on a patient’s abdomen. The surgeon then reaches out for your ileum (the end of your small intestine) and pulls it through the opening. The procedure is concluded by stitching the ileum to the opening to create a stoma.
Patients are then given a pouch or a bag where digested food is collected. An ileostomy is performed on patients who are suffering from IBD (irritable bowel disease), colorectal cancer, familial polyposis, injuries to the intestines, and birth defects.
Types of Ileostomy
A temporary ileostomy is carried out when a surgical site below the digestive tract needs time to heal. The procedure is recommended for patients who have experienced IBD irritable bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer, diverticulitis surgery or a j-pouch.
Temporary stomas are usually created using a loop stoma.
A permanent stoma is required when the large intestine is removed and it is impossible to reattach the remaining part of the bowel to the anus. Reasons for a permanent stoma are Crohn’s disease, colonic dysmotility, colorectal cancer and familial polyposis.